Thank you for considering the Ophthalmology Cases & Hypotheses (OCH) journal as a venue for your work. We recommend reviewing the instructions for authors prior to submitting, as manuscripts not adhering to the guidelines will be returned to the author without review.

Guidelines for Authors to Submit a Manuscript

The paper should be unique and not published elsewhere (except in conference abstracts). All authors should read and approve the authorship responsibility and publication ethics principles presented at our website. All authors further warrant that the undersigned are the sole authors of this work. One author has been entitled as the corresponding author with contact details and postal address. Only papers written in English are considered. The articles should be comprehensible to a reader who is fluent in English and should be edited prior to submission to ensure that standard English grammar and usage are observed.

Article type

The journal does not publish articles in which the position of the authors does not coincide with the position of the editors, as well as serial articles under the headings "in previous issues" and "in the next issue".

​Each type of publication is defined as follows:

1. Cases Reports
2. Research Article
3. Review Article
4. Clinical Image Article
5. Short Commentary
6. Hypotheses
7. Medical Ethics on Eye Related Researches
8. Letter to Editor etc.

The research articles should be 4–10 pages, and the review articles should be no more than 12 pages.

Article Requirements:

Manuscript Titles: Tile should be brief and accurate technical enough to explain the content it holds in the manuscript.
Author(s): Author names need to be mentioned as Last name followed by their concern Initials without space or any punctuation.
Affiliation(s): Author Affiliations must be provided as: Department, University, Country
*Corresponding author: Last Name followed by Initials, Department, University, Complete Postal Address, Country, Telephone details;

Original articles: Should contain a structured abstract, 3-5 keywords, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, ethical declaration, acknowledgment, funding, and references. There is no restriction on word numbers and supporting documents. RCTs should be registered at any RCT Registriest approved by the WHO.

​Case reports (preferably with a comprehensive literature review): Should contain a structured abstract, 3-5 keywords, introduction, case presentation, discussion, conclusion, ethical declaration, acknowledgment, funding, and references. Informed consent should be obtained from the patients to report their cases. The Journal keeps the right to ask for original signed informed consent. 

Review articles: Review article, systematic reviews or meta-analysis are most welcome. The protocol of the study should adhere to PRISMA guideline.

Editorials and letters: Letters and editorials should be preferably less than 2500 words. Those letters discussing about articles published in the journal should be submitted at most within 6 months after the publication of the main article. Editorials and letters will undergo the peer-review process. These articles have no abstracts.

Manuscripts should be prepared based on the following segments:

Cover letter that contains the rationale of performing the research and statement that you will not resubmit your article to another journal until the reviewing process will be completed. Also please indicate whether the authors have published or submitted any related papers from the same study to prevent Salami plagiarism.

Title page should include title of study, name of authors (with an email address), and their affiliations as the first page of the manuscript. Complete mailing address, telephone number, and email address of the corresponding author should be mentioned.

Abstract, not less than 250 words, structural, concise, and comprehensible to readers. Keywords are used for indexing purposes; three to five keywords should be selected

Introduction should cover a short background of former studies and potential gaps in the literature, and specify the aim of the study. 

Methods should indicate evidently the stepwise approach taken to acquire the data including statistical analysis. It should be detailed mention inclusion and exclusion criteria and preferably presented in separated subsections. For reports of randomized controlled trials, authors should refer to the CONSORT statement.

Results should be presented in chronological order in the text, table, and illustration. Tables and figures must be cited in order in which they appear in the text, and present with the separate legend and reveal all abbreviations. Tables should be simple include titles, descriptions, footnotes and ensure all figures and tables have been cited in the text. Do not present tables with duplicate information in the text of the paper. Figures should be provided only if they add further information. High-resolution figures in TIFF format with dpi of 500 should be presented. If you have reused or adapted figures, tables or sections of text from papers published elsewhere please approach the copyright owner and obtain their permission to re-use those elements.

Discussion should challenge the outcomes of the research with other publications in the literature in the format of arguments and counterarguments. The limitations and strengths of the study and the implications of the findings for future study or clinical practice should be presented.

Conclusion should present the final outcome and brief recommendations that have been reached.

Ethical declaration consists of ethical approval and conflict of interest that should be presented and reported.

References should be complied numerically according to the order of citation in the text. We follow the “Vancouver” style and all references cited in the “reference segment” should be cited in the text.

Clinical Images
Clinical images are the pictures that show the clinical findings of a particular case of the patient. The clinical pictures should include questions and answers that should educate or remind readers about an important clinical situation or event. The image should not just describe the picture; however, should be informative enough from a clinical teaching view.

Formatting guidelines: The title should be less than five to eight words. The text describing a clinical question should be within 150 words. The images can be uploaded in .tiff, .jpg or .jpeg format. We recommend using high-quality images. Text should be in one double-spaced electronic document.

Patient Consent Form
If the image/figure of the patient is identifiable then the patient consent form is required. In case, the eyes are masked then the form is not mandatory.

Please click to download patient consent form. Kindly fill the downloaded form and send it along with the manuscript.

Author identification
Authors are recommended to use their ORCID ID when submitting an article for consideration or acquire an ORCID ID via the submission process.

DOI Number 
A DOI number will be available as a unique identifier on the title page of each article. DOIs are useful for identifying and citing articles published online without volume or issue information (for more information, please see

Conflict of Interest
Any conflict of interest related to the manuscript should be declared by authors. These include but not limited to commercial, personal, political, and intellectual aspects. All editors, editorial staff, and reviewers should also report potential conflicts related to the submissions they are working with. All authors are required to disclose potential conflicts of interest in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript by following the Recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Conflicts include the following:
Financial - funding and other payments, goods and services received or expected by the authors relating to the subject of the work or from an organization with an interest in the outcome of the work
Affiliations - being employed by, on the advisory board for, or a member of an organization with an interest in the outcome of the work
Intellectual property - patents or trademarks owned by someone or their organization
Personal - friends, family, relationships, and other close personal connections
Ideology - beliefs or activism, for example, political or religious, relevant to the work
Academic - competitors or someone whose work is critiqued

All statements expressed herein in our publications are merely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the publisher or editorial board. The publisher and the board members do not endorse any service or product presented in our publications and disclaims any accountability or liability for such materials.

Published articles are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International License (which permits copy and redistributes the material just in noncommercial usages if the original work is properly cited. Once the manuscript is adopted by Ophthalmology Cases & Hypotheses (OCH), a Copyright Transfer Agreement signed by all the authors should be submitted immediately.

The procedure for submitting your manuscript is easy and quick. Manuscripts for publication should be sent to the editorial board on the “Make a Submission” page of the website:, submissions can be sent to the Journal Editorial Office by email at Acknowledgment(s) to the concern submission will be received within 24 working hours.